Photo Credit: (c) Doug Perrine
Common apex predator that inhabits estuarine, nearshore and offshore waters of both the
Gulf and Atlantic coasts of Florida. Commonly enters estuarine waters and is one of the
few shark species that may inhabit freshwater, sometimes venturing hundreds of miles
inland via coastal river systems.
Versatile and opportunistic feeder. Stomach contents have included a variety of bony
fishes and invertebrate species, sharks, rays, dolphins, sea turtles, and sea birds.
Gives birth to live young. Litters contain 1-13 pups. Size at birth about 2.4 feet. Utilizes
shallow bays and coastal lagoons as nursery areas.
Maximum size about 11 feet. Matures at approximately 14-18 years of age (about 6.5 feet)
and is estimated to live 24+ years.
Constitutes only a small portion of the commercial shark fishery. Hardy species; does well
in captivity. One of the more dangerous shark species, accounting for the third highest
number of attacks on humans.
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