All About Florida Keys Fishing & Key West Fishing
Florida Keys Fish
Florida Keys Fish


  • Olive or gray body coloration with black blotches and brassy spots
  • Gently rounded preopercle
  • Similar in appearence to gag and yellowfin groupers


    These fish are offshore species. Adults are associated with rocky bottoms, reef, and drop off
    walls in water over 60 feet deep.  Young black grouper  may occur inshore in shallow water.


    Black grouper spawn between May and August and they are protogynous hermaphrodites,
    meaning that young predominantly female who transform into males as they grow larger.  Larger
    individuals of this species are generally found in greater depths and they feed on fish and squid.

    State Record:
    113 lb 6 oz, caught near the Dry Tortugas

    Fishing Tips and Facts:

    Grouper fishing from a boat typically involves baits fished near the bottom, with heavy tackle and
    heavier to bring grouper to the surface. Live fish or dead cut or whole bait are used. Grouper are
    very tasty meals.

    Image Credit: Diane Rome Peebles
    Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission • Farris Bryant Building
    620 S. Meridian St. • Tallahassee, FL
    32399-1600 • (850) 488-4676

Black Grouper: Mycteroperca bonaci
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