All About Florida Keys Fishing & Key West Fishing
Florida Keys Fish
Florida Keys Fish


  • Color brownish red
  • Lining of mouth scarlet-orange
  • Blotches on sides in unorganized pattern
  • Second spine of dorsal fin longer than others
  • Pectoral fins longer than pelvic fins; squared off tail
  • Margin of soft dorsal black with white at midfin
  • Black dots around the eyes

    Red grouper are a bottom dwelling fish associated with hard bottoms.  Juveniles are found
    offshore along with adults greater than 6 years old.  Fish from 1 to 6 years occupy nearshore

    This fish spawns in April and May.  Red grouper prefer water temperatures between 66 and 77
    degrees F.  Like many other grouper, red grouper undergo a sex reversal; young individual
    females becoming males as they age.  Red grouper have a lifespan of at least 25 years.  They
    feeds on squid, crustaceans, and fish.

    State Record:
    42 lb 4 oz, caught near St. Augustine Inlet

    Image Credit: Diane Rome Peebles
    Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission • Farris Bryant Building
    620 S. Meridian St. • Tallahassee, FL
    32399-1600 • (850) 488-4676

Red Grouper: Epinephelus morio
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